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Destructive Impact of Communicable Diseases on Society resulting in Death

There has been a consciousness about the corona virus and infectious diseases, which is on our agenda and confines the whole world to homes, but I would like to touch on the shortcomings of this awareness. 

Until today, we have lived as if there were no contagious viruses, whereas we have lived as if this never-ending epidemic, flu disease does not take lives, even though we have the flu every year.

Now let’s set up a few scenarios and look at the results, let’s evaluate together what kind of destruction it has caused.

Think of an individual, whether he has a newborn child, mother or father, let’s call it a father.

Like every day, he kissed the cheeks of his newborn baby and left his house, entrusting his wife and only daughter to his Lord, and went to the bus stop to go to work. When the service came, he greeted his friends in the service and sat in one of the empty seats. She was continuing her business journey with this soft music playing at a low volume, while a female colleague sitting in the front was cleaning her nose with a napkin and coughing from time to time.

He came to the workplace, greeted his colleagues, one of his friends looked weak and tired, they hugged and shook hands and asked if he was sick, he said yes, I have a little resentment on me, and his friend conveyed his wishes to get well soon.

It was evening, his shift was over, he went home and spent time with his wife and only daughter, as he did every night.

When he went to work the next day, he had a little resentment, I think he was a little sick, so he ordered a herbal tea for himself.

It was evening, his shift was over, he went home and spent time with his wife and only daughter, as he did every night.

But this evening was not over, her only daughter had begun to cry and she would not shut up. The child was burning in fever, they rushed him to the hospital, the father did not know what to do, he was panicking and asking for help as if he was attacking.

Now, this child used a lot of drugs and was treated, maybe, but if the child who could not keep up with the treatment had convulsions or faced a different throat infection and became breathless, well, if this child died, who is to blame for this picture that has sad consequences?

I don’t know, do you remember? In primary school, our teachers used to advise us. If you have a fever, cough, don’t come to school if you have the flu because you will infect your friends, it was said to rest at home, get well and come to school. So what has changed, why have we lost this consciousness?

Cancer is not a contagious disease, but we used to see patients undergoing chemotherapy wearing masks on the streets, everyone is wearing a mask these days, so we can’t tell, of course, was cancer a contagious disease? Or is everyone carrying a contagious disease today, they are all masked! Do we understand why those who wore masks yesterday wore masks?

What a pity I will show an example situation, a masked child with leukemia is given to his friends by his father or mother, the child is walking from lap to lap to get a difference for the child’s morale, and everyone kisses and smells them in turn, strangely, no sound comes out. Isn’t it a bad picture these days when we greet from two meters.

I think that this corona virus has at least created this awareness in people, and I hope that our people will act more cautiously in many viruses from now on, and I hope that we will prevent flu and throat infection epidemics, which make up the majority of the urgent intensity and which we have ignored for years, and that we have lost lives. (Although the deaths are not recorded as flu, it causes many deaths in the world every year due to influenza-based pneumonia and organ failure. The reason why the flu is mentioned here is that it is a disease that is most commonly known by transmission, otherwise there are many virus families that cause contagious diseases.)

We wish to be a more sensitive society to our patients with permanent masks, who are not contagious but are vulnerable to contagious diseases.

Maybe we want to go to work, school or the market by wearing a mask when we have diseases such as flu and throat infection.

Yes, we wish to get rid of the many destructions of the corona virus, which occupies our agenda.

I wish God’s mercy to everyone, especially the healthcare workers who lost their lives in this process, and my condolences to their relatives.

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Ministry of Health Influenza (Influenza) Press Release (15.01.2020)

Seasonal influenza is a disease that causes a serious number of clinical diseases all over the world every year and can have a severe course especially in risk groups. For this reason, as the Ministry of Health, we make regular statements and warnings about this issue every year during the flu season. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that between 290 thousand and 650 thousand influenza-related deaths occur in the world each year. The disease has a severe course especially in pregnant women, children under 5 years of age, people aged 65 and over, those with chronic diseases (heart, lung, kidney, liver, metabolic or hematological) and those with immune deficiency. As in every case resulting in death; An investigation has also been initiated to determine the cause of death of our two children who lost their lives on suspicion of H1N1 in Istanbul.

The Influenza Science Board finally convened on January 8 and prepared its report. Accordingly, half of the flu viruses circulating in our country this year are of the influenza A (H1N1) type. The number of cases and the rate of increase are similar to previous years, and there is no extraordinary situation in virus types and positivity rates. On the other hand, influenza A (H1N1) virus, which made a global epidemic in 2009, is no longer defined as “swine flu” and is among the seasonal flu agents that can normally be seen in humans.

The flu is a curable disease. Antiviral drugs are effective in treatment when the physician deems it necessary. It should be known that antiviral treatment started within the first 48 hours after the onset of disease symptoms is more effective. Antibiotic therapy has no place in the flu.

Considering the number of antiviral drugs used in the treatment of influenza in pharmacies, warehouses and manufacturing companies according to the Pharmaceutical Tracking System (ITS) figures; 235 thousand boxes in syrup form; There are 790 thousand boxes of medicine in tablet form. In addition, there are 1 million 625 thousand boxes of drugs in total, including 600 thousand boxes of drugs in the warehouses of the Ministry of Health.

As a result of the negotiations with the manufacturer, 1 million boxes of syrup will be put on the market by the end of January. As can be seen from the numbers, there is enough medicine for all our patients. Pharmaceutical supply of companies continues uninterruptedly.

It is announced to the public with respect.

Source: https://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR,62241/grip-influenza-basin-aciklamasi-15012020.html

Ministry of Health announced the number of people who died from the flu

The Ministry of Health announced that 57 people died from the flu virus. 

The Ministry of Health reported that 57 people died due to the flu virus throughout the country, 43 of them Influenza A (H1N1), 7 Influenza B and 7 Influenza A (H3N2) viruses were detected.

In the written statement made by the Ministry, information was given on the latest situation in flu cases across the country.

40th anniversary of flu season all over the world. week, and the 20th of the following year. In the statement, which was informed that it continued until the next week, it was stated that 180 volunteer family physicians from 17 provinces participated in the flu follow-up.

Clinical samples taken from patients hospitalized with a preliminary diagnosis of influenza in 81 provinces  In the statement, which was reported to be followed up by making analyzes, the following were noted:

“According to the latest report of the World Health Organization explaining the situation regarding the flu disease worldwide, although the flu intensity in the northern hemisphere is still at a high level, flu activity has started to decrease in North Africa and the Middle East, where Influenza A is dominant. France, the Netherlands and Spain. There is an increase in the number of deaths from all causes in people over the age of 65 in many European countries, including countries such as the World Health Organization, and it has been stated by the World Health Organization that the cause of this situation may be flu, cold weather and acute respiratory diseases. “After the highest level it reached at the end of the year, it still continues at a high level. In the USA, the detection rate of influenza virus decreased from 30.4 percent in December 2014 to 12.1 percent.”

Emphasizing that the flu activity continued to decrease as of the last week throughout the country as well as in the world, the statement said, “As of the 13th week within the scope of regular monitoring, 26.4 percent of the 352 samples received influenza B, 8.8 percent Influenza A(H1N1), 8,8 percent Influenza A(H3N2) was detected in 5.1 of them” was used.

Who are at risk

In the statement, it is stated that people aged 65 and over, elderly people staying in nursing homes and nursing homes, adults and children with chronic pulmonary and cardiovascular system diseases including asthma, chronic metabolic disease including diabetes, chronic renal dysfunction, hemoglobinopathy or immunodeficiency, adults and children receiving immunosuppressive therapy. It was stated that children aged between 18 months and 18 years and receiving long-term acetylsalicylic acid treatment are in the risk group.

April 1, 2015

Source: https://www.trthaber.com/haber/saglik/saglik-bakanligi-gripten-olenlerin-sayisini-acikladi-176425.html

The number of deaths from the flu is unpredictable!

While 73 people died from swine flu, it is not known how many people died from normal flu in previous years because the Ministry of Health does not keep data on this.

While it was announced that 73 people died from swine flu, the number of people who applied to health institutions due to the normal flu virus last year was 3161.

It is not known how many of these patients died or how many people died from flu in Turkey. The Ministry of Health stated that no statistics were kept on this issue.

Ministry of Health officials said that hospital admissions due to the flu are generally low, and hospitals are mostly visited in advanced cases such as pneumonia. Officials say that this is why a general record cannot be kept. The Ministry of Health, however, cannot provide information on whether the statistics of deaths from which diseases are kept or not.

According to the World Health Organization, 500 million people worldwide get the flu every year. Three to five million are hospitalized for the disease, and between 250 and 500,000 die.

Assuming that the world population is 7 billion and Turkey’s is 70 million, a “probable” average can be found by dividing these figures by one hundred. In this case, we can predict that the number of people who die from influenza and flu-related diseases is between 2500 and 5000 every year in Turkey.

17 November 2009

Source : https://t24.com.tr/haber/gripten-olenlerin-sayisi-tahmin-edilletme,61897

Ways to prevent infectious diseases

Influenza, tuberculosis, measles, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV are just a few of the contagious diseases. There are many diseases that are transmitted by air, respiratory, digestive system, blood or contact. Indoor environments such as offices, plazas and shopping malls pose a great risk for infectious diseases. However, it is possible to minimize these risks by taking small precautions.

In its simplest definition, diseases that can be transmitted from the external environment to another living thing or person are called infectious diseases. Infectious diseases can be transmitted from person to person, from the environment or from animals to humans. These diseases are also referred to as microbial diseases.

These microbes are transmitted to the person mainly in the following ways:

– By air (such as tuberculosis, chicken pox)

– By contact with droplets or respiratory secretion drops (such as flu, mumps)

– By the digestive tract or the fecal-oral route (such as bacillary dysentery, typhoid fever, hepatitis A)

– By contact (such as hepatitis B)

– By blood (such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV)

– With sexual contact (hepatitis B, C, HIV, gonorrhea etc.)

– Via agents carrying microbes such as ticks and mosquitoes (malaria, Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, lyme)

– Infection by the mother during pregnancy or childbirth (syphilis, rubella, herpes infection)

2nd most deadly cause in the world. disease

Infectious diseases are currently the second leading cause of death in the world after heart diseases. is ranked. Especially in public, crowded areas, shopping malls, offices, hotels, public transportation vehicles are places that are at risk for infectious diseases.

Memorial Şişli and Ataşehir Hospital Clinical Laboratories Coordinator Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Kenan Keskin said, “If crowded environments are not well ventilated; Especially people with respiratory diseases in that environment cause bacteria and viruses to spread to the environment through coughing and sneezing. Droplets suspended in the air by sneezing and coughing enter the body through the respiratory system and cause very important diseases. Apart from flu and influenza infections, life-threatening diseases such as tuberculosis are also transmitted by these means. When these droplets fall on items, they can remain alive for hours. When a healthy person touches that item and touches his mouth, nose or eyes without washing his hands, the disease can be transmitted. Direct contact with a sick person, such as kissing, is also an important infectious factor. Fungi can also be contagious in crowded environments. By approaching within 1 meter of a person with bronchitis or pneumonia, the risky area is entered. Unless it is necessary, too much time should not be spent in closed environments.

Air conditioners cause legionnaires’ disease

Especially in environments that are heated or cooled by a central system, such as business centers and plazas, the risk of disease transmission from ventilation systems is very high. Pneumonia of the type called Legionnaires’ disease transmitted by air conditioners threatens the employees in the office environment. Contaminated ventilation channels re-send the contaminated air into the environment without cleaning it. Assoc. Dr. Kenan Keskin said, “It is very important that the ventilation systems are cleaned and maintained periodically. The height of the suction channels of the ventilation systems from the ground must be at least 7 m. It should not be close to animal shelters or dust-containing environments near the mouth of the suction duct.

We do not wash our hands

Wash hands frequently to avoid contagious diseases. Especially when we start and finish a job, after using the toilet, before and after eating, after using public transport, after sneezing, coughing and blowing our nose, it is necessary to wash our hands well.

Medical Park Bahçelievler Hospital Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Dilek Arman states that as a society, we are not very careful about respiratory hygiene and hand cleaning.

How important is the vaccine?

Vaccination is another way to prevent infectious diseases. Not only children but also adults should be vaccinated. Drawing attention to the importance of vaccination in the prevention of infectious diseases, Acıbadem Maslak Hospital Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Prof. Dr. A. Sesin Kocagöz said, “The vaccination should not be neglected on time and when necessary. For example, smallpox has been eradicated from the world thanks to vaccines,” he says. prof. Dr. Kocagöz primarily lists the vaccine-preventable diseases as follows; whooping cough, diphtheria, mumps, measles, rubella, tetanus, polio, Haemophilusinfluenza Type b[Hib] Meningitis, Meningococcal meningitis, Influenza, Hepatitis A and B, tuberculosis, Rotavirus diarrhea, chicken pox, yellow fever, pneumococcal pneumonia, HPV vaccine (to prevent cervical cancer) and shingles vaccine.

We are resistant to the flu vaccine

The most significant change this year compared to previous years was at the time of the emergence and spread of the flu. In previous years, the flu started to be seen from January and reached the highest spread mainly in mid-February, while the cases that started to be seen from September this year, started in the 2nd month of December. It has reached high numbers since half of it. prof. Dr. Dilek Arman said, “Due to the lack of community immunity to the H3N2 virus, which is widely seen both in Europe and in our country this year, the virus spread rapidly. If the society had encountered this virus before, at least some people would have been immune to the virus, so the chain of spread of the virus would have been broken. One of the important factors in the lack of immunity of the society is the resistance we show to the flu vaccine application.

PROTECT DISEASES WITH MINOR PRECAUTIONS

To prevent respiratory system infections:

– During speech, visible or invisible droplets are scattered around. Therefore, a safety distance of 1 meter must be maintained.

– A clean tissue should be used when sneezing, sneezing and coughing. If a handkerchief cannot be found, sneezing by covering one’s arm to his mouth prevents the spread of germs.

– Hand washing is an important precaution against infections. Wet wipes should be used in cases where hands cannot be washed frequently.

– Sleep and eating patterns strengthen the immune system

– Absolutely no smoking.

Recommendations for prevention of blood-borne diseases:

– It is important to warn barbers about changing the razor. Disposable razors should be used because the patient with whom the razor was used before may be a carrier of HIV and can transmit it to the next person.

– Any action that requires contact with the body, such as tattoos and piercings, must be done under appropriate conditions. In these applications, disposable apparatus should be used.

– Vaccines or injections are also points to be considered in terms of infectious diseases.

For food safety:

– The hygienic conditions of the environments where the food is prepared are very important.

In order to prevent diseases that can be transmitted through the digestive tract, it is very important to provide nutritional hygiene and cleanliness, as well as hand hygiene.

-The main principle for safe food is that uncooked meats, seafood, eggs and raw vegetables and fruits should be stored in separate containers in separate compartments in order to prevent the spread of microbes from one food to another.

-It should be shredded on a separate cutting surface during preparation. Cooked foods should be stored in appropriate conditions and degrees.

09.06.2017

Source: https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ik-yeni-ekonomi/bulasici-hastalikanlar-korunmanin-yollari-25815084

Abdul Arif Kerim ÇALIŞKAN

Dünyayı kelimelerle ifade etmeye başladığımdan beridir harflerle hemhal biriyim. Mekatronik temelli eğitim hayatımın perspektifinden ağaçların, çiçeklerin, hayvanların mekanizmalarını çözmek üzere tefekkür etmekteyim.

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